Principles of Permaculture 

Permaculture principles are at the core of the guidance, known as the 12 principles of permaculture that we use to create a sustainable environmentally friendly solution for all. 

Bill Mollison and David Holmgren devised the principles in the 1970’s. Just as permaculture is forever evolving, these principles were updated by David Holmgren in the 2002.

The Principles of Permaculture

Having a positive impact on inevitable change. Carefully observing and intervening at the right time

By taking the time to engage with nature we can design solutions that suit our  particular situation 

By developing systems that collect resources when they are abundant, we can use them in times on need

Ensure that you are getting truly useful rewards as part of the work you are doing

We need to discourage inappropriate activity to ensure that systems continue to function well

Make the best use of nature’s abundance to reduce our consumption and dependence on non-renewable resources

By valuing and making use of all the resources that are a available to us, nothing goes to waste

By stepping back we can observe patterns in society and nature. These can form the backbone of our designs, with the details filled in as we go.

By putting the right things in the right places, relationships develop between them and they support each other

Small and slow systems are easier to maintain than big ones, making better use of local resources and producing more sustainable outcomes

Diversity reduces vulnerability  to a variety of threats and takes advantage of the unique nature of the environment in which it resides

The interface between things is where the most interesting events take place. These are often the most valuable, diverse and productive elements in the system

We use zones in permaculture to define certain areas that excel when combined with certain plants and functions which also reduces the amount of effort required to maintain the design


The word Permaculture (Permanent-Agriculture) was coined by Bill Mollison, who was a co-creator of the concept of an agricultural system working harmoniously with nature rather than against it.

The 12 main principles of permaculture provide the tools to live a sustainable and self-sufficient life working with nature and utilising the resources sourced from the environment.

The three core ethics of permaculture were derived from the commonalities of many worldviews and beliefs seeking universal principles to guide our own actions:


This ethic of Earth Care was the basis of permaculture design, however, engaging with consumerism simply creates a problem, not a solution. Earth Care gives us awareness of everything around us, from the clothes we wear to the food we buy and helps us determine what truly provides a harmonious connection with nature and humanity.


People Care asks that our basic needs for food, shelter, education, employment and healthy social relationships are met. Genuine People Care cannot be exclusive in a tribal sense; there can be no elites here: no plutocracies or oligarchies, all members of the community must be taken into account


we only have one earth and we have to share it with all living things and future generations. There is no point in designing a sustainable family unit, community, or nation whilst others languish without clean water, clean air, food, shelter, meaningful employment, and social contact

Permaculture Designers

Permaculture Ethics

The ethics of permaculture are very simple. We care for our planet, our people and we provide a fair share to each and all.